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Petra Diamonds Limited Sustainability Report 201251GlossaryABET Adult Basic Education and Training, aimed at improving literacy levels and providing learners with nationally recognised qualificationsAIDS Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, a disease of the immune system caused by the HIV infection. HIV/AIDS poses serious challenges; South Africa is one of the countries worst affected by the pandemicART anti-retroviral treatment for HIV/AIDSBEE Black Economic Empowerment is a programme launched by the South African Government to redress the inequalities of apartheid by giving previously disadvantaged groups of South African citizens economic privileges previously not available to themBMP biodiversity management planCCMA the Commission for Conciliation, Mediation and Arbitration CharterCSI corporate social investmentCSR corporate social responsibility DEEC Diamond Export and Exchange CentreDMR Department of Mineral Resources, South AfricaDWEA Department of Water and Environmental Affairs, South AfricaEE Employment Equity Act (55 of 1998) - these guidelines enable employers to ensure that their human resource policies and practices are based on non-discrimination and reflect employment equity principles at the commencement of, during and when terminating employmentEIA Environmental Impact AssessmentEMP Environmental Management ProgrammeEMS Environmental Management System FFS Fatality Free ShiftsFFPS Fatality Free Production ShiftsFIFR Fatal Injury Frequency Rate: the number of fatal injuries per million hours worked FOG fall of groundGRI Global Reporting Initiative, a multi-stakeholder process and independent institution the mission of which is to develop and disseminate globally applicable sustainability reporting guidelines. These standards set out principles and indicators that organisations can use to measure and report their economic, environmental and social performanceGVAr Giga-Volt-Amperes Reactive ha hectares HDSAs the term Historically Disadvantaged South Africans refers to all persons and groups who have been discriminated against on the basis of race, gender and disabilityHIV Human Immunodeficiency Virus which causes AIDS by infecting the helper T cells of the immune system. This virus is transmitted through blood or bodily secretionsHPDs hearing protection devicesHR human resourcesHSE Health, Safety, EnvironmentHSEC Health, Safety, Environment, CommunityHSSE Health, Safety, Social and Environment ILO International Labour OrganizationISO 14001 an international standard on environmental management; it specifies a framework of control for an Environmental Management System against which an organisation can be certified by a third partyIUCN International Union for the Conservation of Naturekg kilogramKimberley Process a joint Governments, industry and civil society initiative to stem the flow of conflict diamonds (i.e. rough diamonds used by rebel movements to finance wars against legitimate Governments)KPIs key performance indicatorskWh kilowatt hourl litres LDP Local Development Plan LED local economic developmentLHD load haul dumper LPG liquefied petroleum gasLTI lost time injury LTIFR lost time injury frequency rate per million hours worked; refers to work-related injuries which result in the employee being unable to attend work on the day following the injuryMDP Mwadui Community Development ProgrammeMHSA Mine Health and Safety Act (29 of 2002), South AfricaMining Charter Broad-Based Socio-Economic Empowerment for the South African mining industry. The goal of the charter is to bring about an industry that reflects the promise of a non-racial South AfricaMPRDA Mineral and Petroleum Resources Development Act, which came into effect in South Africa on 11 May 2004 and regulates the granting of mining authorisations and prospecting permitsMQA Mining Qualifications Authority, a Sector Education Training Authority for the Mining and Minerals Sector in South Africa, whose mission is to facilitate and promote human resources development in the sectorMVA megavolt ampereNGOs Non-governmental Organisations NIHL noise induced hearing lossNUM National Union of MineworkersOHSA Occupational Safety and Health AdministrationOHSAS 18000 an international occupational health and safety management system specificationPDS proximity device systemspH the pH scale essentially measures the acidity or alkalinity of a solutionPV photovoltaic rehabilitation the process of restoring mined land to a condition approximating to a greater or lesser degree its original stateSEP Stakeholder Engagement PlanSHE safety, health, environmentSLP social and labour plan stipulated in the MPRDA and aimed at promoting the employment and advancement of the social and economic welfare of all South Africans whilst ensuring economic growth and socio-economic developmentSMME Small, Medium and Micro Enterprisest tonne tailings the waste products of the processing circuit which may still contain quantities of the economic mineralTMM trackless mobile machineryUASA United Association of South Africa, a South African trade unionVCT voluntary counselling and testing, a programme aimed at encouraging voluntary HIV testing in order for individuals to know their statusWHO World Health OrganizationGlossary